Cryptocurrency Terms to Know Before You Invest: A Beginner’s Guide

08/20/2021 12:00 AM by Admin in Crypto currency

These aren't words from an alien language that was recently discovered. They're one of the many new and important terms in the bitcoin lingo.

Cryptocurrency isn't just a new financial choice; it's a completely different world than traditional equities and bonds in many ways. Even for seasoned traditional investors, mastering the basics takes time due to unfamiliar jargon, evolving technologies, and keeping up with memes and tweets.

Before you begin, as with any investment, it's critical to know exactly what you're getting into. This is especially true for a speculative — and continually evolving — asset like cryptocurrency.
Before you invest in cryptocurrency, we advocate building up your emergency fund, paying off high-interest bills, and obtaining a standard retirement plan. And, as we've previously stated, you should only invest what you're willing to lose in cryptocurrency, with experts recommending that you allocate no more than 5% of your overall portfolio to these digital assets. 

However, you should have at least a basic awareness of what you're getting into, including how cryptocurrencies differs from conventional investing techniques and the various factors that can affect a cryptocurrency's market value.

Here are a few terms and phrases to assist newcomers grasp the world of cryptocurrency investing. 

Crypto Terms You Should Know


Any cryptocurrency that isn't Bitcoin. Altcoins range from the second-most popular coin, Ethereum, to thousands of coins with extremely low market value. According to experts, you should invest primarily in the larger, more prominent cryptocurrencies. 


On January 3, 2009, the first and most valuable cryptocurrency was released. While its value has consistently increased since then, it has experienced violent swings. Bitcoin's price has swung from a record high of $60,000 down below $30,000 in just a few months.

Bitcoin Cash (BCH) 

Bitcoin Cshh is a cryptocurrency that
A peer-to-peer electronic cash system that arose from a Bitcoin fork. Whereas Bitcoin is commonly seen as being too volatile to be usable as a currency, Bitcoin Cash is intended to be more transaction-friendly.


Within a blockchain, a block is a collection of data. Blocks on cryptocurrency blockchains are made up of transaction records, which are created as users buy and sell currencies. Each block can only carry a limited amount of data. A new block is produced to continue the chain once it reaches that limit.


The fundamental technology underpinning bitcoins and a digital type of record keeping. A blockchain is made up of sequential blocks that build on top of each other to form an immutable and permanent ledger of transactions (or other data).


On a given blockchain or cryptocurrency network, a representational store of digital value. Some blockchains, such as Bitcoin, use the same name for both the network and the coin. Others, such as the Stellar blockchain, which has a native coin called Lumen, can have different names for each.


This is a well-known centralized cryptocurrency exchange. Coinbase just made history by becoming the first cryptocurrency exchange to list on the Nasdaq stock exchange. 

Cold Storage/Cold Wallet

A safe and secure way to keep your cryptocurrency offline. Many cold wallets (also known as hardware wallets) are physical devices that resemble USB drives in appearance. This type of wallet can help safeguard your cryptocurrency from hacking and theft, but it also has its own risks, such as losing it and your cryptocurrency. 


A digital and decentralized form of currency. Cryptocurrency can be used to buy and sell items, as well as to store value over time.


Power is distributed away from a central location under this approach. In contrast to a central authority, blockchains are usually decentralized since they require majority approval from all users to operate and make modifications. 

Decentralized Finance

Decentralized Finance (DeFi) is the practice of conducting financial transactions without the need of a middleman, such as a bank, government, or other financial entity.

Decentralized Applications

Decentralized Applications (DApps) are applications created by developers and distributed on a blockchain to perform tasks without the use of a middleman. Decentralized apps are frequently used to fulfill decentralized finance tasks. Ethereum is the most important network for decentralized finance.

Digital Gold

Experts in the field of digital gold frequently compare specific cryptocurrencies to real gold in terms of their ability to store and increase in value. Bitcoin is referred regarded as "digital gold" by many people. 


Ethereum is a crypto network and software platform that developers can use to create new applications, and it has an associated currency called ether. Ethereum is the second largest cryptocurrency by trade volume.


A cryptocurrency exchange that allows you to purchase and sell cryptocurrencies.


When the rules of a blockchain are changed by its users. Changes to a blockchain's protocol frequently result in two new paths: one that follows the existing regulations, and another that breaks away from the prior one. (For instance, a Bitcoin fork resulted in Bitcoin Cash.)

Public Key

The address on your wallet, which is identical to your bank account number. When you authorize it, you can share your public wallet key with people or institutions so they can send you money or take money from your account.

Private Key

The code that permits you to get immediate access to your cryptocurrency. Your private key, like your bank account password, should never be shared.

Satoshi Nakomoto

Satoshi Nakomoto is a Japanese writer.
Bitcoin's pseudonymous founder. No one knows who Nakomoto really is, or if he is more than one person.